2) Defeat of Napoleon: before the Unification, both were under Napoleon's France and this period of time under his control has strengthened feelings of nationalism,
3) strong leaders led both Unifications: Bismark and Garibaldi
Italy was divided again into many states as a result of Congress of Vienna which frustrated Italian patriots. ... His crucial leadership brought Germany victory in 1864 Schleswig-Holstein war, 1866 Austro Prussian war and 1870 Franco Prussian war which would result in German unification.
In 1866, Italy joined Prussia in a war against Austria. When the Prussians won, Italy's reward was Venetia. When, in 1870, French troops withdrew from Rome so they could be used to defend France against Prussia; Italian forces seized Rome, which became the capital of the kingdom
May 22, 1939
Italy joined the Anti-Comintern Pact on November 6, 1937. On May 22, 1939, Germany and Italy signed the so-called Pact of Steel, formalizing the Axis alliance with military provisions. Finally, on September 27, 1940, Germany, Italy, and Japan signed the Tripartite Pact, which became known as the Axis alliance
The correct option is "the revival of democratic revolutions, and nationalism"
The revolutions of 1848, Spring of the Peoples or Year of the Revolutions are historiographical denominations of the revolutionary wave that finished with the Europe of the Restoration (the predominance of the absolutism in the European continent from the Congress of Vienna of 1814-1815).
It was the third wave of the broadest revolutionary cycle of the first half of the nineteenth century, which had begun with the so-called "revolution of 1820" and "revolution of 1830." In addition to its condition of liberal revolutions, the revolutions of 1848 were characterized by the importance of demonstrations of a nationalist nature and by the beginning of the first organized demonstrations of the workers' movement.
This series of revolutions began in France and were expanding throughout the European continent, giving as main results, the German and Italian unification.
If Germany and Italy were unified, they'd be more powerful. Austria wanted to keep them separate, because when they weren't unified, they were weaker, allowing Austria to better control/intimidate them.
2) strong leaders: Bismark in Germany and Garibaldi, Mazzini and Cavour in Italy led the unification
3) both Unifications happened shortly after the defeat of Napoleon
2) both unification processes were (partially) a reaction to Napoleon's dominion over Europe: people wanted to unite to never be conquered like this again
3) both unifications were done by strong leaders: Bismark in Germany and Garibaldi in Italy
The correct answer is A) the revival of democratic revolutions and nationalism.
The factors that caused the unification of Italy and Germany were the revival of democratic revolutions and nationalism.
Risorgimento was the name of the Italian movement that led to the unification of diverse territories in that region. The English meaning is “resurgence.” Pope Pius IX wanted to accept the unification only if he was going to be the leader. Giussepe Mazzini wanted to have the control but he could not. What resulted at the end was a Constitutional monarchy in the hands of Victor Emmanuel II. On the other hand, the German unification was led by a Prussian aristocrat named Otto Von Bismarck in 1861. The factors that caused the unification of Italy and Germany were the revival of democratic revolutions and nationalism.
according to classical republican political theory, which democratic republics would function best?
a. small republics, with people who had similar interests
b. large republics, with people who had competing interests
c. republics made up entirely of landowners
d. republics made up entirely of servants