The National Benchmark Tests (NBTs) is a requirement of Universities South Africa (formerly known as Higher Education South Africa or HESA) to assess academic learning of first year university students going to secondary school in specific courses. Its subjects includes: Academic Literacy (AL), Quantitative Literacy (QL) and Mathematics (MAT)
The test have 3 purposes :
- to asses entry level literacy and mathematics skills
- To asses the relationship between entry level and school level exit results
- to provide institutions requiring additional information in the admission and placement of entry level students
concurrent jurisdiction is the ability to exercise judicial review by different courts at the same time, within the same territory, and over the same subject matter. for instance, a domestic violence matter may be heard in either a general civil court or a family court in the same county. whichever court actually exercises its jurisdiction first will do so exclusively.