Effort in = 500 N
Mechanical advantage = Effort out / Effort in
From the above deduction, we can conclude that the correct option among all the options that are given in the question is the second option. I hope that this is the answer that you were looking for and the answer has actually come to your desired help.
The mechanical advantage of the machine in the problem is 2. By definition, the mechanical advantage of a machine is equivalent to the ratio of its output force to its input force. Since it applies a force of 1000 N to an object, that is its output. Also, since a 500 N force is applied to the machine, that is its input.
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Explanation:The mechanical advantage of a machine is defined as the amplification of the force produced when using a machine or a tool.In mathematical terms, it is the ratio of the output force to input force and, the formula is :
MA = Fo/Fi
Where MA= mechanical advantage
Fo= Output force
Fi = input force.According to the question, Fo= 1000N
Fi= 500 NTherefore, MA= 1000/500 = 2
the answer is "2"
the answer is "2" because the formula for mechanical advantage is you divide the distance from the fulcrum, the point at which the lever pivots, to the applied force by the distance from the fulcrum to the resistance force.