New Japanese constitution goes into effect. On May 3, 1947, Japan's postwar constitution goes into effect. The progressive constitution granted universal suffrage, stripped Emperor Hirohito of all but symbolic power, stipulated a bill of rights, abolished peerage, and outlawed Japan's right to make war.
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i thing that the best option is a.they feared it would cause a second economic collapse.
one of the most negatives aspects of the new deal was that it upset the balanced federal budget and led to a huge deficit for the nation while at the same time failed to end increasing unemployment. roosevelt's program, based on keynesian theories of economics, called for massive government spending to stimulate the economy. as he failed to do this with large tax increases; large sums of money were borrowed to fund new deal programs. when the economy showed some improvement, roosevelt was concerned about inflation, and ordered cuts in government spending. unfortunately, he did so at a time when the new social security tax had cut people's disposable income. businesses were too afraid of spending, and the economy in 1937 was in worse shape than in 1929. at the end of that year, two million people were unemployed.
the national defense education act had two main goals. the first one was to provide personal that was oriented to defense, including scholars, engineering students and so on. the other goal was to provide financial assistance for the students who would be enrolling at colleges and universities in the 1960s.