What role did monks play in advancing literature? a. because they were religious, they were able to pass along the teachings of the bible. b. because they were well funded, they were able to establish schools. c. because they were literate, they were able to record texts and teach others to read. d. because they were educated, they were able to write stories about life in the church.
c. because they were literate, they were able to record texts and teach others to read.
During the middle ages, the work that the monks carried out was a determining factor in the safekeeping of classic texts from antiquity and in spreading literacy in general. Through their work, many of the most precious literary and philosophical works that the Greeks and the Romans produced were maintained for posterity. These works were later the most influential sources in what became the Renaissance era in Italy and later in all of Europe, they became the foundation for literature and philosophy in the modern era.
Monks copied books, since there wasn't a way to print them, so they had to copy a lot of them using their own hand.
1. read the following excerpt from franklin d. roosevelt's "fireside chat 19":
on the other side of the picture, we must learn also to know that guerilla warfare against the germans in, let us say serbia or norway, us; that a successful russian offensive against the germans us; and that british successes on land or sea in any part of the world strengthen our hands.
remember always that germany and italy, regardless of any formal declaration of war, consider themselves at war with the united states at this moment just as much as they consider themselves at war with britain or russia. and germany puts all the other republics of the americas into the same category of enemies. the people of our sister republics of this hemisphere can be honored by that fact.
the true goal we seek is far above and beyond the ugly field of battle. when we resort to force, as now we must, we are determined that this force shall be directed toward ultimate good as well as against immediate evil. we americans are not destroyers — we are builders.
analyze the effectiveness of this excerpt. how does it function within the speech as a whole? how does the structure of the excerpt to convey the speech's purpose and key points? support your argument with evidence from the speech. (10 points)
"how to" tells us that it will explain how to, which means to inform