"The honest sailor took advantage of the Professor’s enthusiasm to double the fare."
The humor is implied from the term: "honest sailor"; who "took advantage" (of the Professor's enthusiasm) to "double the fare".
The "funny/humorous part" is the question of, is that really what an "honest person" would do? The other part is that is funny is that the "honest sailor" could be determined to be "honest" in a joking, witty, or derisive manner.
The first passage does not contain any humorous elements.
The honest sailor took advantage of the Professor's enthusiasm to double the fare.
It's the passage with humor because it says the honest sailor took advantage of a Professor, and all the other ones weren't really humorous.
Also I got this question right in my lesson.
"a" because he is appealing to logic as oppose to appealing to the audience's emotions.
an great real life example for the lottery principle is the real life lottery itself. it adheres to the lottery principle so much it's even called lottery. you apply for the lottery in the manner of getting a ticket and if you are lucky, the goods are distributed to you, in this case, the huge amounts of money. there are other real life example but this is the best one.
“on tuesday morning at seven o’clock...