Thermal energy comes from a substance whose molecules and atoms are vibrating faster due to a rise in temperature. Heat energy is another name for thermal energy. Kinetic energy is the energy of a moving object. As thermal energy comes from moving particles, it is a form of kinetic energy
Kinetic energy: Energy from motion; the faster the object is, the higher the kinetic energy.
Thermal Energy: The total energy of the particles that make up a substance.
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if two electrons have the same n, the same ℓ, and the same ml, then they are in the same orbital. the pauli exclusion principle states that no two identical fermions (a fancy word for electrons and other subatomic particles like electrons) may occupy the same quantum state in an atom simultaneously.