Earned $16,200 of cash revenue. Borrowed $12,000 cash from the bank. Adjusted the accounting records to recognize accrued interest expense on the bank note. The note, issued on September 1, 2018, had a one-year term and an 8 percent annual interest rate.
A. What is the amount of interest expense to record for 2018?
B. What amount of cash was paid for interest in 2018?
C. Use a horizontal statements model to show how each event affects the balance sheet, income statement, and statement of cash flows. Indicate whether the event increases (I), decreases (D), or does not affect (NA) each element of the financial statements. In the Cash Flows column, designate the cash flows as operating activities (OA), investing activities (IA), or financing activities (FA). The first transaction has been recorded as an example.
A. The amount of interest expense to record for 2018 is $320, calculated as follows: $12,000 x 8% x 4/12 = $320.
B. No amount of cash was paid for interest in 2018; i.e. = $0.00
C. Effect of each transaction on balance sheet, income statement, and statement of cash flows:
1. Cash Revenue of $16,200
Balance Sheet - Cash and Retained Earnings are increased by $16,200.
Income Statement - Revenue is increased by $16,200.
Statement of Cash Flows: Cash inflows are increased by $16,200. It is an operating activity (OA)
2. Bank Note Payable of $12,000 with accrued interest of $320 for 2018:
Balance Sheet - Cash and Notes Payable are increased with $12,000; Interest on Notes Payable is increased by $320 and Retained Earnings decreased by $320.
Income Statement: Net Income is decreased by $320.
Statement of Cash Flows: Cash inflows are increased by $12,000. It is a financing activity (FA).
1. Cash revenue increases net income and Cash Account balance, and reflects positively on the cash flows for operating activities.
2. Notes Payable increases Cash Account balance (an asset) and Notes Payable (a liability). It also increases the cash inflow for financing activities.
3. Accrued Interest on Notes Payable increases liability and decreases the net income, which reflects negatively on the Retained Earnings (Equity). It does not affect the statement of cash flows as no disposal had been made yet.
Cash from bank = $12,000
Annual interest rate = 8%
The computation of amount of interest expense to record for 2018 is shown below:-
Outstanding month from 1 September to 31 December = 4 months
Interest expense = Cash from bank × Annual interest rate × Outstanding month ÷ total number of months in a year
= $12,000 × 8% × 4 ÷ 12
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