2. mutations have arisen that may be altered allele frequencies
3. a description of the trait or habit
Specie or specific epiphet
Explanation: Scientific name is a binomial system of nomenclature. A binomial nomenclature system has two parts. The first part of a scientific name refers to the genus or generic name while the second part is the specific epiphet or species.
The binomial system of nomenclature is used by scientists in proper naming of plants and animals in order to avoid ambiguity.
The correct answer for the blank is-
a description of a trait or habitat.
According to the binomial system of classification, living organisms can be named scientifically, using two words. The first word in the scientific name of the organism corresponds to the Genus and the second word/ part is the species to which the organism belongs. The second part that is the species depicts the description of a trait or habitat.
For example- Scientific name for Human beings is Homo sapiens, which shows that they belong to species 'sapiens' that gives description of human beings.
Thus, first option is the right answer.
1. In biology, a trait that arose in an ancestor and is passed along to its descendants is referred to as a
a) derived character.
2. A farmer sprays insecticide on his crops to kill unwanted insects, most of the insects die, and the chemicals have the effect of damaging the DNA of insects that are not killed. Which of these has happened?
3. c) mutations have arisen that may be altered allele frequencies
Often, the second part of the scientific name is
a) a description of the trait or habit
4. The three-domain system recognizes fundamental differences between two groups of
5. A polygenic trait can have
b) many possible genotypes, producing many possible phenotypes.
6. The situation in which allele frequencies in the gene pool of a population remain constant is called
c) genetic equilibrium
7. Which is the first step that occurred in the speciation of the Galapagos finches?
d) founders arrived
Form <Genus> <species> (note capitalization)
Example: Homo sapiens
hypoxemia refers to a below usual concentration of oxygen in the blood, mainly in the arteries. hypoxemia is an indication of an issue associated with circulation or breathing and may lead to various symptoms like shortness of breath.
the condition is identified by determining the level of oxygen in the blood sample obtained from an artery. it can also be predicted by determining the oxygen saturation of the blood with the application of a pulse oximeter.
the normal arterial oxygen is about 75 to 100 mm hg. the values underneath 60 mm hg is generally considered with the requirement for supplemental oxygen. the normal pulse oximeter readings generally range between 95 to 100 percent. the values under 90 percent are regarded as low.
in the given case, the oxygen saturation is measured at 93 percent, hence, there is no need to administer oxygen, that is, one should withhold oxygen.