Amino acids may be defined as the monomers of the proteins. Amino acids contain the amino group, carboxylic group, hydrogen and the different R group.
There are total twenty amino acids present in the body. Ten amino acids are referred as essential amino acids as they are not present in our body. They are the important or essential for the body and must be obtained from the diet and the external source.
Essential amino acids play vital role in various processes occuring in the body like energy production, nutrient absorption, tissue growth, immune function.
These are- Histidine, Isoleucine, Leucine, Lysine, Methionine, Phenylalanine, Threonine, Tryptophan, and Valine.
They are not synthesized by the human body. So they must be taken as supplements from the food. If body does not get these amino acids, the first response is the breakdown of muscle tissue. Thus, wastage of muscle is the first symptom associated with the deficiency of these amino acids. Other effects can include weakness, low immune response, and fatigue.
Therefore, they are called as essential amino acids.
These amino acids cannot be made by the human body and must be consumed in one’s diet.
its the second option
lesson summarykaryotypes a genome is the full set of all the genetic information that an organism carries in its dna. chromosomes arebundles of dna and protein found in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell.