The correct answer is option A
It will be on the cytoplasmic side of the ER.
Explanation: Active transport is an energy requiring process,it involves the pumping of molecules and ions accross membranes against a concentration gradient.
The sodium-potassium is an active transport pump/system that exchanges sodium ion for potassium ion.
In the presence of cytoplasmic Adenosine Triphosphate,the proteins of the sodium-potassium pump are synthesized in the rough endoplasmic reticulum,the Adenosine Triphosphate binds to the cytoplasmic side of the endoplasmic reticulum moving sodium and potassium ion against large concentration gradients.The sodium-potassium pump moves two(2) potassium into the cell where potassium levels are high (intracellular) and pumps three(3) sodium out of the cell and into the extracellular fluid compartment.
1. The right answer is Mitochondrion
Mitochondria not only play a fundamental role in the oxidative catabolism leading to the production of a usable form of energy, ATP, but they also play a determining role in apoptosis, thermogenesis, calcium homeostasis, and many anabolic pathways such as the synthesis of heme, iron-sulfur proteins, nucleotides or even steroids.
2. The right answer is Electron transport chain
An electron transport chain is a series of enzymes and coenzymes that globally perform two actions simultaneously: it transfers electrons from electron donors to electron acceptors during successive redox reactions, and ensures the pumping of protons or other cations through a biological membrane. This has the effect of generating a proton concentration gradient across this membrane, resulting in an electrochemical gradient whose potential energy can be recovered by ATP synthases to phosphorylate ADP molecules into ATP. The final acceptor of electrons is usually oxygen in aerobic organisms, but may be another oxidant in some species.
3. The right answer is begin with the breakdown of glucose in glycolysis.
Glycolysis is the first step of carbohydrate (especially glucose) catabolism, it is carried out in the cytosol by soluble enzymes and anaerobically (without oxygen supply). Its function is the synthesis of molecules rich in energy, as well as the formation of pyruvate which will have several destinies. The glycolysis is composed of 10 large steps, involving 10 enzymes to obtain at the end of the pyruvate and formation of molecules rich in energy (2 ATP and 2 NADH, H + as balance).
4. The right answer is ATP
ATP is an abbreviation for adenosine triphosphate, it represents a molecule rich in chemical energy, universally used by cells to store energy. It is produced during photorespiration and cellular respiration, and is consumed by many enzymes in the catalysis of many chemical processes. Its molecular formula is C10H16N5O13P3.
5. The right answer is acetyl-CoA and carbon dioxide
In aerobic, pyruvate enters the mitochondria where it undergoes decarboxylation and combined oxidation of acetyl-CoA. This irreversible reaction is catalyzed by the multienzyme complex of pyruvate dehydrogenase composed of three enzymes (pyruvate dehydrogenase, dihydrolipoamide transacetylase and dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase) and five coenzymes (thiamine pyrophosphate, lipoic acid, CoASH, FAD and NAD +).
6. The right answer is NADH
Fermentation produces few energy (ATP) even without the presence of oxygen, but with a lower yield. It is used by a very large number of organisms, from bacteria to humans.
Some organisms exclusively use this metabolic pathway, others alternate between fermentation and respiration, depending on conditions (presence of O2, glucose concentration, etc.).
Fermentation is also used in many industrial processes, such as the production of cheese, alcohol, biofuel, etc.
7. The right answer is forms fewer ATP molecules than cellular respiration
It is easy to see that cellular respiration is much more effective than fermentation. There are 36 ATP molecules created by glucose molecules during respiration against 2 ATP molecules during fermentation. Figure 3 provides a summary of both metabolisms.
8. The right answer is Oxygen.
Oxygen is a vital element for the living because it is at the center of the breathing of many living beings. It also participates in combustion processes. Oxygen is the most abundant element in the earth's crust and one-fifth of the Earth's atmosphere is composed of oxygen in the form of diatomic gas, O2, but also, in trace amounts, in the form of ozone. O3.
9. The right answer is Glycolysis
A glycolysis or Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway is a metabolic pathway of glucose assimilation and energy production. It takes place in the hyaloplasm (or cytosol) of the cell. As the name implies, it requires glucose and produces pyruvate. The latter can either enter the Krebs cycle, which takes place in the mitochondria of eukaryotes or the cytoplasm of aerobic bacteria, or be metabolized by fermentation to anaerobiosis, to produce, for example, lactate or ethanol.
10. The right answer is CO2, ATP, NADH, and FADH2
The Krebs cycle, also known as the citric acid cycle by anglicism, is a metabolic pathway present in all aerobic organisms whose primary function is to oxidize acetyl groups, resulting in particular from the breakdown of carbohydrates, fats and proteins, to recover energy in the form of eight electrons with high transfer potential and a molecule of GTP or ATP; the high transfer potential electrons recovered from NADH and ubiquinol (CoQ10H2, or reduced coenzyme Q10) can then circulate through the respiratory chain to in turn allow the formation of additional ATP molecules by oxidative phosphorylation .
a is the answer
blah blah blah
The Endoplasmic reticulum is now responsible for pumping cytoplasmic ATP across the plasma membrane. the Proteins could be send to the Golgi apparatus for packaging and from there to the nucleus. The ER is responsible for synthesizing these proteins because of its proximity to the nucleus
I believe that 7 is forms fewer ATP molecules than cellular respiration. I don't know for sure though.
It will be on the cytoplasmic side of the endoplasmic reticulum
The inner mitochondria protein called Adenine Nucleotide Translocator or ADP/ATP carrier protein, maintains the transport of ADP into the matrix of the mitochondria from the cytoplasm for ADP to be available for ATPase synthesis of ATP, from ADP and Pi(inorganic phosphate ion) during chemiosmosis of oxidative phosphorylation in the mitochondria.
The same carrier proetin also convey the synthesized ATPs back to the Cytoplasm for cellular utilization.
Therefore the ATP binding site should at the cytoplasmic side of the E.R, because the cytoplasm of the E.R is the site of deposits of synthesized ATP s, thus proximity of the ATP-binding site to it is needed.
They require an centro some and lysosomes
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she forgot to record a transaction